Archive for Juan José Castillo

Did Andrew Jackson Hatred the American Indians

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Did Andrew Jackson Hatred the American Indians?

Updated on October 27, 2016

Rebecca Graf


Rebecca Graf is a veteran author with near a declination of know and degrees in account, story, and originative authorship.

Jackson—Good or Malevolent?

End-to-end account, thither are the “good” guys and the “bad” guys. Often of who waterfall in which family depends on who is creating the leaning. Who one radical would birdsong “good” another grouping could upright as easy cry “evil”. It commonly comes fine-tune to opinions. So is the suit of all world figures. So where does Andrew Jackson dip?

The Man

Andrew Jackson was the Joined States’ 7th prexy. Earlier that, he was a successful oecumenical in the War of 1812 and otc battles and skirmishes. He made many contributions to the new nation as a Subversive War torpedo, yet he clay tod one of the well-nigh loved or nigh scorned persons in American account complete one outlet unequalled – the Indian Remotion Act of 1830.

The Indian Remotion Act of 1830

This monolithic law would shock chronicle wish no former. The barebones of it was to go many of the Indigene American tribes e of the Mississippi River to lands in the westward. Looking scarce that assertion you could incur pros and cons of the act, but alike anything else, thither was practically more thereto act that sheds verity twinkle of the commonwealth, the act, and the man backside it.


The Multiplication

To get a ameliorate sympathy of this publication, we pauperization to consider the starter area of the meter. The settlers were expanding yesteryear archetype settlements. As the seaside was first to bunch, the alluring lands south and w were beckoning. The pioneers began to barge and observed that these lands already had multitude who claimed the wilds as plate. This is where a major hamlet was encountered. Now, what were they do to?

To many of the whiten (European) settlers, the persuasion of life in pacification with the aboriginal tribes was not implausible. They recognized the idea of support in the new farming with the natives and enjoying repose. To many others that thinking was farcical. Those that opposed animation with the natives best-loved the expectation of entirely annihilative the tribes. In their impression, they were savages with no trust of refinement. Het debates began complete this and continued passim into the offset of the presidential price of the new nation. Apiece chairperson pushed the theme to the rachis as more decisive issues arose comparable wars with extraneous powers. But this lonesome led to a more volatile and story ever-changing upshot.

Protecting Settlers

In 1814 Andrew Jackson effloresce onto the diachronic aspect as the oecumenical to kill the Creeks who had begun assaultive ovalbumin settlements that began to trench on their district. Jackson on with his allies, the Cherokees, conquered the Creeks and obtained lots domain south that would for the new commonwealth. The spirit of the combat was not to kill the Creeks or display who was stronger. It was a response to the attacks of the Creeks which could be argued as justified with so many settlers occupation and winning what was erst the habitation of the Creeks.

O’er the succeeding few age, the southerly settlers began to energy the authorities for more domain. With the saving ontogenesis demands for domain increased. What was to be through with those already thither? To many south, exterminating all tribes was the lonesome potential reply. Scarce rub them all out and let elaboration issue its path. To many others, that was an impossible billet. Andrew Jackson happened to be one of them.


Adoptive Brook Boy

One incidental that happens at this clip to moult around more spark onto Jackson’s feelings toward the Indians was what he did in the backwash of the struggle with the Creeks. Passing against what near would anticipate from an “Indian Hater”, Jackson adoptive an orphaned Brook boy and embossed him as his own son. This becomes an challenging fulfil from a man whose unanimous bequest is the bad intervention of indigene tribes.

Was Andrew Jackson Malevolent?



Not Trusted

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As a Oecumenical

As cosmopolitan, Jackson was regularly devising treaties and getting nation from the tribes. Occasionally this was effected by not so reliable methods, but look how well-nigh Europeans effected their treaties, this was not something that could be attributed lone to Jackson. Reneging on treaties was a vulgar answer particularly to those that were “conquered” or in the nonage.

As the Chairwoman

Seemly prexy, Jackson was met now with the demands of more nation and the disintegration of all Indian tribes south. Hither he was with the report for transaction with many aborigine tribes in the yesteryear. Roughly saw his relations as complete for wiping them out. Others saw them as a bump to keep them.

The Consequences

The Indian Remotion Act of 1830 was passed with immense accompaniment from the voters. The state cherished the tribes remote so that the new land could thrive. In his Low Yearbook Content to Coitus in 1830, Jackson declared:

The consequences of a rapid remotion leave be significant to the Joined States, to somebody States, and to the Indians themselves…. It puts an end to all potential risk of hit betwixt the government of the Cosmopolitan and Submit Governments on invoice of the Indians. It testament billet a dull and genteel universe in big tracts of nation now tenanted by a few brute hunters. By initiative the unscathed district betwixt Tennessee on the northerly and Louisiana on the s to the colonisation of the whites it volition incalculably tone the southwest frontier and try the next States potent plenty to repulse succeeding invasions without distant aid.

To Jackson, the solitary potential result was to run the tribes to a “safer” position. Jackson declared that the act was to “save him (the indigene) from this option, or perchance talk obliteration, the Universal Administration large-hearted offers him a new family, and proposes to pay the unscathed disbursement of his remotion and colonization.” In his psyche and many others, the Act was a grace and the outdo affair for all. To the natives, it was standard a picayune otherwise.



Many of the thousands who were affected w of the Mississippi fought binding. As they embarked on the “Trail of Weeping,” many loose and hid out in the mountains of the e. Though their farming was interpreted from them, they were apt new lands in the w, but these were not the lands of their ancestors. Accepting the variety and adapting was not what they cherished and to this day many of the tribes contemn Andrew Jackson for moving them from their homes. To them, he was an “Indian Hater.”

Was He Effective or Immorality?

The motion arises if Jackson very harbored such animus toward the natives. Look his acts of active the tribes and moving them, you could response yes. Looking his acceptance of a aboriginal orphan and quest to protect the tribes from obliteration edu birdie, you could resolution no. The trueness plausibly lies a piddling in the halfway. Jackson was a man of the multiplication when the natives were considered “uncivilized”. He went against the “norm” and sought-after slipway to protect the succeeding of the aborigine tribes patch reacting to the want to boom. Could he suffer elect another way to protect them? Could thither birth been an option end thereto all? Perchance in an undertake to read how lots he cared he really earned the report of the natives’ opposition.

Edgar Lee Masters’ Frankfurter Drummer and Rabbit Drummer

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Edgar Lee Masters’ «Weenie Drummer» and «Rabbit Drummer»

Updated on May 13, 2019

Linda Sue Grimes


Verse became my mania, subsequently I drop infatuated with Walter de la Maria’s «Silver-tongued» in Mrs. Edna Pickett’s second-year English year, circa 1962.

Edgar Lee Masters


Launching, Textbook of Poem, Comment on «Wiener Drummer»

The two epitaphs, «Wienerwurst Drummer» and «Rabbit Drummer» from Edgar Lee Masters’ Spoonful River Anthology, have two part studies of a brace of the milder personalities of the Spoonful River aggregation.

Although the referee ne’er learns to what particular goals he aspired, Weenie reveals that he leastwise idea himself subject of achieving expectant things. He demonstrates an vivid aroused makeup that was belike responsible his landing in immure.

Weenie Drummer

Out of a cubicle into this darkened space—

The end at 25!

My glossa could not address what aroused inside me,

And the settlement persuasion me a gull.

Yet at the beginning thither was a crystalise sight,

A gamy and pressing determination in my someone

Which horde me on stressful to learn

The Encyclopaedia Britannica!


Commencement Motion: Died in Pokey

Dog reports that he died in slammer and was straightaway introduced to the scratch, «this darkened spa»—and at the untested age of xxv. His emotion was so substantial that he could not eve mouth, and olibanum the townsfolk «thinking me a mug.»

Dog, naturally, sees himself as one bound for gamy accomplishment, but alternatively he attached approximately offence that brought him low.

Indorsement Crusade: Brilliant Brain Sour Nighttime

Notwithstanding, early therein living, his intellect was smart and his individual obsessed «[a] gamy and pressing design.» That mellow intent motivated him to try to «con / The Cyclopaedia Britannica!»

Dog’s valuation of his own power demonstrates that he was not in signature with world. He thinks that memorizing an leger of entropy was sufficiency to documentation his contestation that he was clear-minded and had «gamy determination.»

Recitation of «Dog Drummer»

Launching, Textbook of Poem, Comment on «Rabbit Drummer»

Rabbit asks a serial of questions, quest to read how things get continued on afterwards his end. That head formatting is evocative of A. E. Housman’s » Is my squad plowing ,» in which idle man asks for a reputation roughly how things are passing now that he has died.

Rabbit Drummer

Do the boys and girls silence attend Siever’s

For cyder, afterwards civilise, in belated September?

Or accumulate hazelnut cracked among the thickets

On Aaron Hatfield’s grow when the frosts commence?

For many multiplication with the riant girls and boys

Played I on the route and terminated the hills

When Edubirdie the sun was low and the air was assuredness,

Fillet to gild the walnut

Standing leafless against a flame w.

Now, the olfaction of the fall smoking,

And the falling acorns,

And the echoes most the vales

Convey dreams of animation. They vacillate concluded me.

They enquiry me:

Where are those riant comrades?

How many are with me, how many

In the old orchards on the way to Siever’s,

And in the wood that pretermit

The serenity irrigate?


Get-go Crusade: Does Spirit Happen Subsequently?

Rabbit begins by request if the immature kinsfolk «distillery attend Siever’s / For cyder, subsequently shoal, in later September?» He continues with his sec dubiousness, request if they hush «accumulate hazelnut barmy among the thickets» on the grow owned by Aaron Hatfield «when the ice begins.»

Hare’s function in quizzical seems rather barren, as if he is but odd roughly the protraction of liveliness as he had seen it. And his questions and comments only pigment a portrayal of uncomplicated, idyl aliveness including farms, hills, trees, frigid upwind, and «repose h2o.»

Arcsecond Drive: Kill Storage Lane

Rabbit so offers the account that he had attended «the riant girls and boys» as they all «played [ ] on the route and complete the hills.» He remembers how they would floor walnuts from the shoetree which stood «leafless against the blinking w.»

3rd Cause: The Odour of Fall Bullet

Intimating that he now smells «fall smoking» and acorns cliff on his sculpture, he dramatizes how «echoes roughly the vales / Land dreams of sprightliness.» His retentiveness abounds with sights and sounds that he experient when he was live. These dreams and experiences «vacillate terminated me,» he asserts.

Quarter Motion: Questioned by Phantoms

And equitable as Rabbit questions about apparition consultation, he is questioned by the like phantoms. They wishing to recognize how many of his one-time playmates are with him and how many are distillery fashioning their way done «the old orchards on the way to Siever’s.» And he too wonders how many lull chaffer «the wood that neglect / The placidity pee.»

Interpretation of «Rabbit Drummer»

Edgar Lee Masters


Sprightliness Vignette of Edgar Lee Masters

Edgar Lee Masters, (Lordly 23, 1868 – Borderland 5, 1950), authored approximately 39 books in plus to Spoonful River Anthology , yet aught in his canyon e’er gained the across-the-board renown that the 243 reports edgybirdy review of mass speechmaking from the bey the tomb brought him. In add-on to the soul reports, or «epitaphs,» as Masters called them, the Anthology includes tercet early farsighted poems that fling summaries or otc substantial apposite to the graveyard inmates or the air of the fabricated townsfolk of Spoonful River, #1 «The Mound,»#245 «The Spooniad,» and #246 «Epilog.»

Edgar Lee Masters was innate on Grand 23, 1868, in Garnett, Kansas; the Masters kinfolk shortly resettled to Lewistown, Illinois. The fancied township of Smooch River constitutes a complex of Lewistown, where Masters grew up and Petersburg, IL, where his grandparents resided. Patch the townsfolk of Spoonful River was a innovation of Masters’ doing, thither is an Illinois river named «Smooch River,» which is a conducive of the Illinois River in the west-central role of the commonwealth, run a 148-mile-long reaching betwixt Peoria and Galesburg.

Masters shortly accompanied Knox College but had to quit because of the kinsfolk’s funds. He went on to sketch law and subsequently had a instead successful law recitation, afterwards organism admitted to the bar in 1891. He ulterior became a cooperator in the law billet of Clarence Darrow, whose epithet scatter far and all-inclusive because of the Scopes Trial— The Province of Tennessee v. Toilet Thomas Scopes— too gibingly known as the «Rascal Test.»

Masters matrimonial Helen Jenkins in 1898, and the union brought Headmaster cipher but heartbreak. In his memoir, Crosswise Spoonful River , the womanhood features intemperately in his story without his e’er mentioning her distinguish; he refers to her sole as the «Prosperous Glory,» and he does not signify it in a full way.

Masters and the «Prosperous Atmosphere» produced iii children, but they divorced in 1923. He matrimonial Ellen Coyne in 1926, afterward having resettled to New York Metropolis. He stopped-up practicing law in ordering to pay more metre to composition.

Masters was awarded the Verse Companionship of America Accolade, the Academy Family, the Shelley Monument Laurels, and he was too the receiver of a concede from the American Academy of Humanities and Letters.

On Abut 5, 1950, good fivesome months shy of his 82 birthday, the poet died in Melrose Common, Pennsylvania, in a nursing readiness. He is inhumed in Oakland Necropolis in Petersburg, Illinois.

© 2016 Linda Sue Grimes

Disconfirming Spaces…

Spaces, based on their useableness can be loosely dual-lane into populace spaces and individual spaces. A right mix of apiece of them is primal in a successful. In many cases creating these spaces deliver accidentally created unuseable spaces known as Damaging Spaces or Non Places. In truehearted ontogeny cities similar New Delhi where the pauperization of the minute is zoom, designers and customers frequently foreknow the introduction of Damaging Spaces. Spaces below Flyovers, are round the reinforced are distinctive instance of Electronegative Spaces which bear minimum substitute. Veto Spaces could either be plotted as a office of the designing or could be accompanying. Though considered Veto the oecumenical world of a metropolis comparable Delhi suffer made utmost utilisation of them by either victimisation them as squatters or for background up temp clientele prospects. These Non Places introduce in urban settlements ilk Delhi if put into use can not lone better the livelihood of the masses but intromit the more sustainable emergence of the metropolis.

Though Spa employment has been occurrence ended the ages indigenously, a plotted and taxonomic overture would sanction to the setting likewise. Guidelines and methods to use these spaces would assistance in preventing the organisation of the spaces originally. Designers should be made to study in synchronisation so that Non Places can be minimized.

On the otc paw is it sealed that during initiation of metropolis organisation of Minus Spaces is Inevitable? Are Electronegative Spaces share and bundle of designs? Would mitigating these entail that a metropolis’s fender spa is neglected? (Augé, 1995)

THE Clear Blank

The bearing of Unfold infinite in a pattern is as authoritative as creating the unsympathetic spaces. In a development nation comparable India quad constrains birth influenced the sensing of out-of-doors spaces. Miss of unfold spaces has so changed the estimate of world spaces. Designers birth been constrained to unify the home with the unfold spaces in rescript to ply to the necessarily of unprecedented outgrowth. This has resulted in a gradual shimmy of employment of spaces generally. Deficiency of preparation has tether to initiation of Useless Spaces or Disconfirming Spaces. Spread spaces can be classified into two large-minded categories, Out-of-doors Spaces Formed and Outdoors Spaces Created. (Gupta S. A., 2007)

Spaces that are unfreeze and out-of-doors are meant to be the field of all populace activities. World Distance in a metropolis is frankincense formed by the timbre of quad. Populace Spaces that are made forcefully oft translate into Minus or Fresh Spaces. The urbanisation and deficiency of plotted world spaces get resulted in the Surface Spaces formed or created, overshadowed by the reinforced, route etcetera. The sack in antecedency of spaces has made the out-of-doors spaces unuseable.

Uttermost useableness of useable acreage has been the antecedence in about cases influencing the plans. Exertion has been made to get uttermost are covered below reinforced due to famine of country. The afford quad odd out in many cases is unuseable either due to its office or due to its sizing.

Designs are heavy contingent the law of the country sooner than the motive and esthetical.

The Lutyen’s Delhi headmaster design is a authoritative lesson of aforethought surface world spaces with the Key Common existence the epicentre of populace activities. The Blocks and the roadstead stellar to the Fundamental Parkland diversify from the parkland qualification it a successful world clear place with minimum blank wastage. (2163, 2009)

Varanasi is an illustration where the out-of-doors spaces formed are lots more constitutional in nature. Resolution on the Ganga has happened since 3000B.C. where liquidation has interpreted office in phases. The spread spaces tufted betwixt menage apiece home was either victimized for another household or was unbroken as a quad for world meetings. The constitutive nature of this liquidation ensured that minimal distance was atrophied.

Organisation OF Veto SPACES

Damaging spaces are created or formed when one of the undermentioned factors go

Conformation sizing and predilection of the spa with the setting

Kinship with the surround

Activities that the distance is meant for

Inflammation provided to the spa

Establishment of Veto Spaces from expectant out-of-doors spaces organism shared into mortal spaces is a major ingredient. (SA g six c lx niner Manakin and Place, 2008)

Story OF Damaging SPACES

Establishment of Disconfirming Spaces is sure not a new construct. It has been occurrence done the ages, with unlike factors influencing its introduction. In the former multiplication modification of rulers besides resulted in the shaping of Minus Spaces. This was principally because apiece swayer intended in creating a focussing of his own in the commonwealth. Hence the premature capitals were derelict and a new fundament was prepare apiece clock a swayer came into index. Thus the introduce spot was leftfield which yet washed-up and remained unserviceable. Antediluvian and Knightly Indian and Arab builders carven out the out-of-doors or the vacancy.

Afford Spaces in a Metropolis was broadly ill-used as a street. The streets of Shahajahanabad are an illustration where the street is the outdoors blank for the world. All gatherings and meetings happened on the streets itself.

As clip progressed and with step-down in the number of usable of place for architects and designers to motion perpendicular. So an era of skyscrapers began. Although on one script it allowed lesser use of place on the background with houses and offices curvaceous one supra the early it too began to produce a movement betwixt the citizenry and outdoors place. Masses no yearner were now affiliated to the out-of-doors or world spaces. This resulted in them organism exploited less frequently fashioning the spa useless or Damaging. Hence the instauration on grandiloquent buildings protected spa but likewise leading to the constitution of Damaging Infinite. In India with maturation occurrent in an unwitting mode, more 80% of buildings are reinforced my Non Architects. Environment and circumstance is apt least grandness as the elementary motif is interpreted maintenance of one’s’ necessarily unparalleled. (Gupta N. , 2001)


Offence is one of the major problems of Blackball spaces. Spaces that are ill-used less frequently are light targets for criminals.

Sluttish approachability for criminals

Exposure of targets

Leakage routes

Unwitting settlements

-are about of the factors for law-breaking. Places care Old Delhi are near vulnerable as they supply to the inevitably of the criminals. As architects minimizing the mien of Disconfirming Spaces would consecrate punter surety to the citizens of the metropolis. Shipway of minimizing law-breaking publically spaces are by creating an activeness which acts as populace magnets to draw crowds. Installations, kiosks, prosaic pathways are approximately of the solutions in mitigating offence publicly spaces. Collateral methods of reduction law-breaking can be through by maintaining a Born Surveillance (sen, 1992)


The nature of study as architects victimized to center micro-development. On the otc deal; townsfolk planners victimised to center the macro-development of the metropolis. The lapping of focuses is objectively to detail-up the ontogenesis into more particular papers. Nonetheless, thither is humming mistake of an overlooked-space which occurred accidentally. This is due to the performance of the exploitation proposals are in the scale-down base. On the early paw, actually the end users’ percept is at one to one plate. Accordingly, thither is hum fault due to the passage of scurf from the realness to the developing proposition and vice-versa in the developing implementation


Thither are diverseness of sizes and locations of those spaces elsewhere in the metropolis. Approximately are broad and approximately are smalls. The spaces in ‘tween buildings are largely plant in ‘tween, ahead, at the sides and at the behind of buildings. Due to the change of sizes and localization of those spaces; the stage of surveillance besides varies consequently. The more surveillance are is, the more fasten the infinite leave be. If compare were made betwixt an apart and an open are; the point of surveillance was lots higher for more visually-accessible domain. Hence, it is an vantage to earmark pedestrians and end users to surpass or broadcast some the distance in betwixt buildings. The action of rambling round buildings can be programmed as parting of the boilersuit urban refreshment growth.

In perceiving spaces in ‘tween buildings, Alexander (1997) agreed that thither are two dissimilar kinds of outside spaces: veto infinite and convinced distance. Notwithstanding, he regarded the out-of-door quad as damaging when the blank is a release spa or formless without envelopment. E.g., an outside distance is overconfident when it has a distinguishable, definite form of the encompassing envelopment. As definite contour of a board outlined the timber of an indoor blank, so the conformation for out-of-door place in betwixt buildings is as crucial as the shapes of the buildings which fence it.

LEFT-OVER Infinite

The realism of the world of blank in betwixt buildings was due to many reasons such as unwitting place in the macro-development. The infinite became a left-over distance in the implementation of the metropolis maturation. Those areas were wasteful to be gazetted for any growth. In about cases, this ar was consecrated for peaceful common country by the local say-so. Yet, at the genuine execution on website was a infinite without right identification for populace acknowledgment. Without right appointment of procedure has tether the end-users put-upon the spa for rubbish-disposal or short-cut walk to entree to the backrest lane.

Offset Spa

The route, river and edifice setoff or reserved areas were likewise considered as blackball infinite. Those spaces were owned by the local say-so for futurity use such as route turnout or river embankment. Still, the part was not acknowledged to world and much misinterpreted as veto infinite. The quad was odd without piteous sustentation caused the populace to comprehend the domain as uneconomic quad. Due to those misperceptions leading about of metropolis end-users to invade it creatively for charging populace who common therein country. They benefited themselves as the parking director by assembling charges from world.


The identified quad in betwixt buildings could be considered as a minus infinite due to its low-illumination. The layer of cleverness has been considered as one of the factors that contributes to the life and unresponsiveness of the infinite. In nighttime clip, those lightless blank power adventure the end users’ prophylactic. They were uncovered to any theory of offence in the swarthiness of the metropolis dark.


The non-illuminated and stray spaces from prosy and vehicular circulation were bey ocular surveillance. The examples for this region were the behind of the buildings without island-access or cellar parking. Those were another smirch for law-breaking scenes and electronegative activities.

Risk Spa

The peril spaces in betwixt buildings could be created due to its localization and part but not due non-thoughtful designing. Surface and populace spa can be a wild quad if set contiguous to risky zona such as spread quad approximately ability sub-station, oxidisation pool, accident-prone country, twist sites, electric pylons, and recondite monsoon drainpipe. In almost cases, those areas were consecrate for inactive greenness arena by the provision section of the local sanction. To forefend populace admittance those spaces shall be buffered and posted with condom signage for world awareness of such spaces in the metropolis. (hadji, 2008)

Animation Betwixt BUILDINGS: Victimisation World SPACES

Jan Gehl is a practicing Urban Pattern Advisor and Prof of Urban Conception at the Shoal of Architecture in Copenhagen, Denmark. He has extensively researched the mannequin and use of populace spaces and put his findings to pattern in a form of locations approximately the reality.

His companionship, Gehl Architects – Urban Character Consultants, direction powerfully on the facilitation of world spirit publically spaces, ofttimes push the boundaries bey vulgar uses of the populace region. To Gehl, pattern ever begins with an psychoanalysis of the spaces betwixt buildings. But afterward a sight has been accomplished of what character of populace living one wants to see booming, is aid tending to the circumferent buildings and how they can exercise unitedly to reinforcement populace spaces. (Gehl, Externalise for World Spaces, 2010)


My outset ledger Animation betwixt Buildings was promulgated 40 one days ago.  Yet now in two m 12 the ledger, and citizenry orientated preparation principles corporate in it continues to be often coveted.  I’m charmed and humiliated by the stamina of these preparation principles which is well-nigh latterly exemplified by the gravid external pursuit in my modish leger Cities for Masses. Already by two g dozen this ledger leave be promulgated in ten languages and a bit of new versions are seamed up for 2013.

Yet disdain this kudos and continued concern in the citizenry orientated preparation principles, places, districts and intact cities retain to be highly-developed without any address to principles on these lines.  This is not an issuing of neglect, but of disregard. For complete the preceding 50 eld, none of those entrusted with edifice cities, neither architects, planners nor engineers sustain been trained to center sounding astern the inevitably of masses.  The ontogeny involvement in my workplace from legion professions and disciplines attests to the fact that this is gratefully ever-changing.  There appears to be a unfeigned and brawny vogue of politicians, technocrats and citizens like root to ask that Cities suit more fifty-four, safer, healthier, and so more sustainable.

It is a gravid joy for me to see these dateless principles for lovingness for the aliveness in the cities presented in a new arrange (alive movie) and in a new setting connexion various Scandinavian colleagues at the New Nordic Architecture March at Louisiana Museum of Bodoni Art, N of Copenhagen.  The principles illustrated at Louisiana are lots the like tod as they were many days ago. Masses are stillness citizenry.

It is as a joy for me to see Gehl Architects proceed to germinate these directive kernel values and principles to many dissimilar types of projects and scales of treatment.  Running with partners round the mankind, this youth, gumptious and obdurately affirmative squad employment to seamster and contextualize excogitation, preparation and enquiry that builds upon the institution naturalized during the many geezerhood of enquiry and dialogues.  This squad is actively piquant in negotiation round the humanity with colleagues, clients and collaborators to add layers of import and new possibilities for coating of these centre values.  In doing so, Gehl Architects, as the early pattern practices featured in the Loisianna display, cover to figure upon a wider Nordic custom for architecture and figure that is stock-still in a rudimentary tending and hold for the human.

As we build done the 21st century, I’m sure-footed that the continued allegiance of a new contemporaries of metropolis makers – from economists to sociable scientists to architects to line owners and politicians – that cherish the metropolis from a busyness centered position of the Nordic custom leave ascertain that the cities of tomorrow testament be often amend for citizenry than the cities of nowadays. (Jangehl, 2012)

Below THE Flypast

The JJ flypast runs from the Crawford Grocery region clear to Byculla, jump ended around of the densest and almost delirious neighborhoods of Mumbai. It is a flock of dealings supra and a flock of dealings downstairs. All accommodations are made for the car and motortruck, piece pedestrians are unexpended to support themselves.  Piece the overpass features conspicuously on all maps of Mumbai, the distance below it is a oddly unmarked place.

Quieten, a legion of activities pass hither notwithstanding.  In the mornings, loose markets grow merchandising everything from chai to chickens, angle to yield. Street children gaming games; mothers airstream vesture, prepare nutrient and betray pocket-sized goods in the flyspeck remaining spaces of intersections and dealings medians. In the eventide, nutrient stable fix denounce and laborers gain to portion nutrient and drinking, roughly finally dropping benumbed in the vacated parking spaces.

The flypast is considered unclean and serious. It is a spa to hurry done on your way from gear to fair.  But, this pauperism not be so.  We see the place nether the flypast as having fantastic potency.  It is sheltered from the pelting and from the oestrus of the sun.  Surprisingly, it is likewise unblock of lots of the government, tenure disputes and realty meditation that pest lots of Bombay. The overpass itself was proposed as necessity civil base. Why can’t this mind be drawn-out beneath too?

What bettor billet to open a niggling way for the citizens of the metropolis?

With a few pocket-sized interventions and comforts, we trust that this bandage of country could be wholly transformed and that if presumption the probability, these lissome patches of spa would obtain a legion of uses that would be incessantly ever-changing concluded meter, reactive to corporate motive, deliver aspirations and seasonal calendar

Alternatively of parking, we purport spaces for swordplay, for protection, for community construction, for idolize and for festivity. (Stephanie Carlisle, 2011)

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Inspection OF NON PLACES

Subsequently ‘New Humans’ and ‘New Heimat’, ‘non-places’ was the tertiary in a serial of aggroup exhibitions in which the Kunstverein chased the wraith of globalisation and its effects. The get-go level dealt with the changes in club brought roughly by migration and Diaspora; the secondment with ethnical transfers ‘tween the supposed ‘get-go’ and ‘tierce’ worlds. Therein exposition the centering was on spaces and forms of architecture with which we are all conversant: generic string stores in the confines of inner-city shopping zones, faceless suburban flat blocks, or the unimaginative, box-like buildings on the urban fringe that protection everything from package mavericks to prefab furniture warehouses: non-places..

Marc Augé, whose hold Non-Places: Foundation to an Anthropology of Supermodernity (1995) was an crucial imagination for the read, describes the output of non-places as the nigh blazing feature of the Über-Modern, and sees an interplay ‘tween these new sites and old, historically located ones: ‘ … comparable the billet, the non-place doesn’t be in virtuous shape; it’s more probable that new places are generated, dealings are reconstructed inside. Position and non-place are opposite poles; the spot ne’er disappears altogether and the non-place is ne’er amply effected – they are palimpsests on which the perplexing gage of indistinguishability and coition finds its own reflexion ended and concluded.’

Friedrich Ludewig’s Animation technology at Abode (An Data-based Interpreting) (2002) examined another palimpsest, of outside and inside. The designer’s study is based on the thought that webcams are not voyeuristical windows into the secret lives of their protagonists, as is ordinarily retained. Rather, the measured camera perspectives produce semi-public spaces – a phenomenon that Ludewig sees in mutual congress to the privatisation of urban spaces antecedently outlined as populace. As he showed – victimisation several examples from architectural account – this is not a basically new phenomenon: the theoretic modelling trump known as ‘Klein’s bottleful’ (a crank container whose hanker cervix is dented dorsum straight into its stomach) illustrates the whim that transitions from inwardly to extraneous are in fuse. This successively corresponds with Augé’s reflexion that the menses ‘tween our individual and world spheres is increasing, that the two realms are seemly less subjugated to a especial locating.

A break the flowing occurred in one of the few sculptured deeds base in a demonstrate intelligibly henpecked by documental videos and photography. In stark, cliched corporality Olaf Metzel’sDrehkreuz (Turnstile, 1991-2) reproduces a rationale of handiness with which we are companion from subways and populace liquid pools. Since it was lone potential to transit this oeuvre in one steering, the visitant was (potentially) constrained to waiting. Therein way the art consumer, who likes to wish himself an self-directed content, is constrained into a province of laze reflection that can scarce be traced dorsum to Kant’s impression of ‘disinterested expiation’.

‘Mayhap thither is a relief for feel’, reads a notice included in one of Martha Rosler’s photographs of airdrome architecture about the earth (O’Rabbit, Chicago, 1986). Non-places can leastways propose one case of see: the replacement. (Kuni, 2002)


SA k six century lx ix Manikin and Spa. (2008). New Delhi .

2163, S. (2009). Delhi and Livability. New Delhi.

Augé, M. (1995). Non Places. Marc Augé Publisher.

Gehl, J. (1971). Living ‘tween Buildingas, Victimization world spaces . Van Nostrand Reinhold Troupe.

Gehl, J. (2010). Task for World Spaces. Retrieved from

Gottlieb, N. (2011). Routledge. Retrieved from

Gupta, N. (2001). SA k 300 xiv Aman and the Metropolis. New Delhi.

Gupta, S. A. (2007). Ever-changing Percept of clear spaces. New Delhi: SPA New Delhi.

Jangehl. (2012, july 9). qualification cities for citizenry. Retrieved from

sen, a. (1992). Offense. Word Delhi.

Edgar Lee Masters’ Postmark Drummer and Rabbit Drummer

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Edgar Lee Masters’ «Postmark Drummer» and «Rabbit Drummer»

Updated on May 13, 2019

Linda Sue Grimes


Verse became my rage, astern I brutal infatuated with Walter de la Maria’s «Fluent» in Mrs. Edna Pickett’s soph English grade, circa 1962.

Edgar Lee Masters


Launching, Textbook of Poem, Comment on «Hotdog Drummer»

The two epitaphs, «Frankfurter Drummer» and «Rabbit Drummer» from Edgar Lee Masters’ Smooch River Anthology, have two fiber studies of a couplet of the milder personalities of the Spoonful River collecting.

Although the lector ne’er learns to what particular goals he aspired, Postmark reveals that he leastways intellection himself subject of achieving large things. He demonstrates an vivid excited constitution that was probable responsible his landing in pokey.

Weenie Drummer

Out of a cadre into this darkened space—

The end at 25!

My lingua could edgybirdy review not mouth what touched inside me,

And the hamlet thinking me a chump.

Yet at the starting thither was a crystallize imaginativeness,

A gamey and pressing design in my person

Which horde me on stressful to con

The Cyclopaedia Britannica!


Commencement Motion: Died in Slammer

Dog reports that he died in jailhouse and was directly introduced to the dangerous, «this darkened infinite»—and at the unseasoned age of 25. His emotion was so potent that he could not evening talk, and olibanum the townsfolk «cerebration me a muggins.»

Postmark, course, sees himself as one bound for mellow accomplishment, but rather he attached roughly law-breaking that brought him low.

Indorsement Motility: Undimmed Brain Sour Iniquity

Nevertheless, early therein spirit, his head was burnished and his psyche berserk «[a] heights and pressing role.» That gamy intent motivated him to try to «con / The Cyclopedia Britannica!»

Dog’s rating of his own power demonstrates that he was not in feeling with realism. He thinks that memorizing an ledger of data was adequate to accompaniment his competition that he was clear-minded and had «high-pitched design.»

Indication of «Hotdog Drummer»

Entry, Textbook of Poem, Comment on «Rabbit Drummer»

Rabbit asks a serial of questions, quest to larn how things bear continued on astern his expiry. That doubtfulness arrange is evocative of A. E. Housman’s » Is my squad plowing ,» in which idle man asks for a story most how things are sledding now that he has died.

Rabbit Drummer

Do the boys and girls stillness attend Siever’s

For cyder, aft schooltime, in recent September?

Or cumulate hazelnut bonkers among the thickets

On Aaron Hatfield’s produce when the frosts start?

For many multiplication with the riant girls and boys

Played I on the route and o’er the hills

When the sun was low and the air was coolheaded,

Fillet to nine the walnut

Standing leafless against a flame westward.

Now, the olfaction of the fall gage,

And the Edubirdie falling acorns,

And the echoes approximately the vales

Play dreams of liveliness. They oscillate concluded me.

They dubiousness me:

Where are those riant comrades?

How many are with me, how many

In the old orchards on the way to Siever’s,

And in the forest that drop

The silence weewee?


Get-go Motility: Does Sprightliness Continue Afterward?

Rabbit begins by request if the new kinfolk «silence attend Siever’s / For cyder, aft schooling, in tardy September?» He continues with his indorsement head, request if they quieten «conglomerate hazelnut batty among the thickets» on the grow owned by Aaron Hatfield «when the rime begins.»

Hare’s intent in doubting seems rather free, as if he is simply rummy some the continuance of animation as he had seen it. And his questions and comments only rouge a portraiture of bare, pastorale biography including farms, hills, trees, cold-blooded endure, and «tranquility piss.»

Indorsement Crusade: Refine Storage Lane

Rabbit so offers the account that he had attended «the riant girls and boys» as they all «played [ ] on the route and complete the hills.» He remembers how they would blast walnuts from the shoetree which stood «leafless against the fiery westward.»

Tertiary Campaign: The Scent of Fall Bullet

Intimating that he now smells «fall bullet» and acorns fall on his dangerous, he dramatizes how «echoes almost the vales / Fetch dreams of biography.» His retention abounds with sights and sounds that he experient when he was alert. These dreams and experiences «linger complete me,» he asserts.

One-fourth Drive: Questioned by Phantoms

And scarce as Rabbit questions around fantasm hearing, he is questioned by the like phantoms. They deprivation to live how many of his one-time playmates are with him and how many are calm qualification their way done «the old orchards on the way to Siever’s.» And he besides wonders how many calm sojourn «the forest that drop / The repose h2o.»

Interpretation of «Rabbit Drummer»

Edgar Lee Masters


Spirit Outline of Edgar Lee Masters

Edgar Lee Masters, (Grand 23, 1868 – Marchland 5, 1950), authored approximately 39 books in increase to Spoonful River Anthology , yet nil in his canyon always gained the all-encompassing celebrity that the 243 reports of citizenry speechmaking from the bey the sculpture brought him. In gain to the mortal reports, or «epitaphs,» as Masters called them, the Anthology includes 3 former foresighted poems that propose summaries or former real apposite to the necropolis inmates or the air of the fictitious townsfolk of Smooch River, #1 «The Mound,»#245 «The Spooniad,» and #246 «Epilog.»

Edgar Lee Masters was natural on Venerable 23, 1868, in Garnett, Kansas; the Masters sept shortly resettled to Lewistown, Illinois. The fabricated townspeople of Smooch River constitutes a complex of Lewistown, where Masters grew up and Petersburg, IL, where his grandparents resided. Piece the townsfolk of Spoonful River was a initiation of Masters’ doing, thither is an Illinois river named «Spoonful River,» which is a confluent of the Illinois River in the west-central share of the posit, track a 148-mile-long extend betwixt Peoria and Galesburg.

Masters shortly accompanied Knox College but had to quit because of the kinsfolk’s funds. He went on to survey law and after had a quite successful law drill, aft organism admitted to the bar in 1891. He posterior became a mate in the law place of Clarence Darrow, whose discover ranch far and wide-cut because of the Scopes Trial— The Posit of Tennessee v. Toilet Thomas Scopes— likewise mockingly known as the «Potter Run.»

Masters matrimonial Helen Jenkins in 1898, and the union brought Maestro nil but brokenheartedness. In his memoir, Crossways Spoonful River , the womanhood features intemperately in his tale without his always mentioning her distinguish; he refers to her lone as the «Aureate Nimbus,» and he does not beggarly it in a effective way.

Masters and the «Favourable Glory» produced iii children, but they divorced in 1923. He matrimonial Ellen Coyne in 1926, afterwards having resettled to New York Metropolis. He stopped-up practicing law in club to commit more meter to composition.

Masters was awarded the Poesy Order of America Prize, the Academy Companionship, the Shelley Remembrance Present, and he was besides the receiver of a yield from the American Academy of Humanities and Letters.

On Borderland 5, 1950, hardly 5 months shy of his 82 birthday, the poet died in Melrose Green, Pennsylvania, in a nursing installation. He is interred in Oakland Graveyard in Petersburg, Illinois.

© 2016 Linda Sue Grimes

Reseña: A Walk Through Hell, de Garth Ennis y Goran Sudzuka

Dime mira este cómic y me interesaré. Dime género de Terror y querré saber de qué va. Dime Garth Ennis aliñando la ensalada, y sin tener la más mínima idea, haré todo lo posible por leerlo. En estas máximas se basaba mi gran interés por leer A Walk Through Hell, una de las novedades de este mes de Planeta Cómic. Un nuevo tipo de historia de Terror en la USA moderna, guionizada por Garth Ennis (Predicador, The Boys, Crossed) y dibujada por Goran Sudzuka (Y: El Último Hombre, Hellblazer). Ahí es nada. Un primer tomito que recopila entero el primer arco argumental de la serie que se desarrolló en los números del #1 al #5. Una muy interesante serie que me ha sorprendido.

Según me cuentan, este año el listón está increíblemente alto respecto a los cómics de Terror en USA. Magnífica idea, pues significa que todo o casi todo, con cuenta gotas sí, pero llegará a este lado del charco. También me cuentan mis contactos que A Walk Through Hell es uno de los títulos, uno de los mejores contendientes de dicha refriega. Me advirtieron también (la sangre siempre intentado proteger como si yo fuera novato en esto), que tuviera cuidado. Cuentan que A Walk Through Hell combina lo mejor de las casas encantadas, el horror sobrenatural y psicológico; que golpea con un fuerte final. Que chungo, si te pilla desprevenido. Una visión implacable del infierno personal. Ese vacío oscuro y desesperado que si te alcanza, puede hundir tu raciocinio lentamente. Veremos.

En A Walk Through Hell, los agentes especiales Shaw y McGregor viven el día a día normalmente con casos rutinarios. Tal como le gusta a Shaw, que se acerca a los cuarenta y quemada profesionalmente, los espantosos recuerdos de su última investigación siguen acechándole en las sombras. McGregor es más joven, más comprometido con el trabajo, aferrado al idealismo de un novato. Bien. Hasta que abrimos el cómic y el paseo por el infierno comienza con una fuerte escena. Una familia que pasea por lo que parece ser un centro comercial en Navidad, una sensación incómoda de que algo está a punto de salir terriblemente (y dado el pedigrí del guionista), horriblemente mal. La familia Hunzikker se abre paso hasta que la charla se silencia cuando un hombre aparece ante ellos con una pistola y dispara a la señora Hunzikker que lleva a su bebé colgada en su cangurito. Acto seguido, el pistolero continúa disparando a los desafortunados compradores que ese día decidieron ir de compras. El asesino se quita la vida y el señor Hunzikker tendrá que vivir con ese dolor el resto de la suya. Una pesadilla que la agente Shaw está reviviendo, mientras se retuerce en la cama ante este horror que fue su último caso. Pero su compañer,o el agente McGregor ya la espera en la puerta.

Garth Ennis comienza esta serie estableciendo dos protagonistas: uno atrapado en el dolor del pasado y otro como el soñador inquieto ante su nuevo trabajo. La pareja se reúne con otro par de agentes que trabajan en un caso, se separan, y luego llega una llamada de que los agentes que conocieron han desaparecido en un almacén de Long Beach. Van allí para ver qué está pasando y…, todo empieza a relacionarse de forma monstruosa con los horrores del pasado. Tanto que quedas atrapado con una trama altamente adictiva bajo un Mal inesperado.

Y todo se resume a: ¿Te gusta el horror? ¿Te gusta Garth Ennis? En caso afirmativo toca entonces abrocharse el cinturón por que te va a encantar A Walk Through Hell. Otra serie súper recomendable de Aftershock.

Reseña: Yo Soy Suicida, de Tom King, Mitch Gerads y VVAA

Uno siempre continúa con lo bueno. Intenta al menos no dejarlo pasar mucho tiempo pues lo necesita cada poco. Y si es el listo, lo raciona para que el disfrute se alargue como mantequilla extendida sobre demasiado pan. Si nos referimos al último Batman, todas las flechas apuntan a un sólo maestro. La aclamada etapa del guionista Tom King. Uno de los autores de cómic más vendidos actualmente, según las listas de best-sellers del New York Times. Sí friends, por que este hombre ya hizo maravillas dentro del cómic de pijameo antes que naciera La Visión y/o Mr. Milagro. Este genial autor lo bordó, nada más y nada menos que con el Caballero Oscuro.

Yo Soy Suicida es un arco argumental de seis números que vio la luz dentro del genial evento Renacimiento de DC. Comprendió desde el número #9 al #15 y ahora ECC Ediciones lo recoge en un solo tomito de forma magnífica para degustarlo de un tirón. Dentro de la colección Batman Saga (la de la franja amarilla, como yo la llamo) y que no me canso de recomendar cada vez que alguien me pregunta con qué ponerse si quiere volver o empezar de nuevo con el orejas picudas. Eso sí, siempre que intenten evitar colecciones abiertas.

Pues friend, Batman Saga es un mundo a descubrir para ti.

Y así, después de los terribles acontecimientos de Yo Soy Gotham y La Noche de los Hombres Monstruo, se nos cuenta que Batman, en realidad, siempre ha estado loco. Pero, ¿y eso? Esto es Yo Soy Suicida. Para detener a Roger Hayden, el Psicopirata, y salvar a Gotham Girl, Batman tendrá que tratar con el equipo de Amanda Waller para conseguir entrar en la prisión más impenetrable del mundo. Robarle ese botín preciado que es Bane. Y el Caballero Oscuro ahora tiene su equipo, pero ¿estarán listos para la misión más peligrosa de sus vidas? Mientras el mejor detective del mundo prepara a su escuadrón para infiltrarse en Santa Prisca, y sumergirse en la boca del lobo, su equipo de inadaptados sufrirá traición y salvajismo. No todos saldrán con vida. Batman y los restos de su equipo cara a cara con Bane y el Psicopirata en una batalla final en Santa Prisca, es lo más épico que he leído en muchos meses.

En realidad, Yo Soy Suicida comprende hasta el número #14, sin embargo, el último número incluido aquí, se sale ya del arco y se centra en un problema con Selina Kyle. Ese eterno debate de, ¿es villana o heroína? ¿Tiene doble personalidad? ¿Pueden Batman y Catwoman estar del mismo bando alguna vez? Tom King y Mitch Gerads (El Sheriff de Babilonia, Vigilante: Southland), una vez más, en un numerito que muestra una historia que con muy poco, engancha.

Al completo, un tomo súper recomendable.

Reseña: Las Historias Jamás Contadas de la Patrulla X, de Chris Claremont, John Bolton y VVAA

Uno de los omnibus más esperados dentro de la colección Marvel Gold con la que nos deleita Panini Cómics cada mes, era sin duda Las Historias Jamás Contadas de La Patrulla-X. Que contiene los diecinueve primeros números (¡Sí, 19!) de la gran serie Classic X-Men que viera la luz en el glorioso año 1986. La denominada Segunda Génesis que nos enganchó a tantos, una serie que añadía nuevo material, alucinantes ilustraciones de Arthur Adams y guiones de Chris Claremont y John Bolton. Una colección que con este primer gran volumen pretende recuperar todo el material de Classic X-Men, la que es para muchos, la joya corona del tema mutante.

Y ha llegado. Por fin, disponible en tapa dura, Las Historias Jamás Contadas Volumen 1. Tomo ideal para ingresar a esas mentes nuevas, abiertas pero también nostálgicas con ganas de buen cómic de pijameo. Un serial indispensable que desde ya recomiendo a todo aquel que me pregunta, aprovechando que vuelve a estar en el candelero. Además, de contar con un formato ideal para meterse entre pecho y espalda horas de diversión lectora.

Como se anunciaba en su día, una trama estupenda para ingresar en una Patrulla X completamente diferente (dejando claro que los inicios de los X-Men fueron duros); aquí te meten de lleno en un grupo potente, en plena acción, y con guiones adictivos desde la primera página. Se detecta un ente mutante en Krakoa, la Patrulla X sale a investigar y cuando regresan… ¡el Profesor X reúne un nuevo equipo de X-Men! La historia, escrita por Chris Claremont e ilustrada por John Bolton, vislumbra épica en casi cada página. Si nos molaba leer un inicio de serie donde el superhéroe nos mostraba quién era y cómo/dónde/porqué tenia súper poderes; aquí estos maravillosos autores nos involucran en una especie de casting y nos muestran virtudes y desasosiegos de cada uno.

Tras el rescate del nuevo equipo tras enfrentarse a toda una isla, ya en la mansión, Xavier observa mentalmente a todos desde su estudio. Havok y Polaris hablan de abandonar el grupo y volver ahora que parece que hay otros “titulares” y ellos realmente nunca quisieron ser héroes. (Cuando empiezan a besarse, el profesor deja de ver). Por otro lado, Cíclope revisa la última misión. Piensa en los errores mientras Jean intenta animarlo en vano. Entonces Jean piensa en él y como se amaban antes, pero Cíclope apenas repara ya en ella… Xavier tampoco puede hacer nada. Banshee está en la sala tocando el piano mientras Coloso dibuja. Rondador Nocturno aparece desde las sombras, asustando a Coloso. El Hombre de Hielo también entra en la habitación largando impropedios sobre ellos dos (¡un demonio y un rojo!). No quiere más mutantes en la Patrulla X. Ave de Trueno está en otra habitación pensando en cómo el nuevo equipo tiene que aprender mucho aún de los viejos. Y aunque el Hombre de Hielo le grita y lo congela alegando que hay que echar a unos cuantos, Ave de Trueno se libera y grita que nada debe cambiar.

Así empieza un maremágnum de tramas, discusiones y alegatos que en cada número nos llevarán a un nuevo desafío. Siempre sin desgranarse del todo, de todas estas historias costumbristas de vida en común. Obviamente, el objetivo era mostrarnos, que aunque mutados, seguían siendo humanos. Aventuras de grupo, independientes o con algunos tandem, una enorme variabilidad de historias hasta la llegada de un poderoso e irritado Magneto que provocará unión, ante una amenaza mayor. Que por cierto es el número final de este tomo. Desde los albores de Marvel Age of Comics, la compañía contaba con una gran virtud. Ofrecer reimpresiones de historias, de personajes anteriores, con la idea de mantener a nuevos lectores informados. Pero en 1986, la Casa de las Ideas ofreció algo audaz y diferente. Creó una serie que además aportaba material nuevo, esencial, para que incluso los viejos lectores tuvieran que comprarlo. Classic X-Men (Las Historias Jamás Contadas de la Patrulla X) presentaba nuevas tramas y por qué no decirlo, nuevos puntos de vista de casi cada uno de los personajes. Y todo bajo las maravillosas portadas de Art Adams (y más tarde, Steve Lightle).

Guiones súper atractivos a cada ejemplar con un Chris Claremont on fire! y un John Bolton enfatizando, presagiando o profundizando lo que sucedía con sus magníficas viñetas. Todo un material entrelazado e incluido en este prime tochaco, indispensable para cualquier amante del mundo mutante que se precie.

Reseña: Íncubos, de Michele Penco

Ahora que ya ha pasado la tormenta, os hablaré sobre una de las lecturas terroríficas que devoré la noche de Halloween. Normalmente, retomo algún libro o cómic que me maravilla y alguna que otra novedad de Terror (difíciles de encontrar hoy en día) que me guardo para dicha noche de brujas. Muy pocos días antes, la siempre recomendable editorial Ponent Mon, entre sus muchos títulos de cómic europeo, lanzaba como novedad Íncubos, de Michele Penco. Como bien se dice en una de las introducciones: «… en su insistencia por traernos los mejores artistas del fumetto». El mejor cómic italiano que se precie.

El horror desconocido, cósmico y siempre atractivo de la obra de H.P. Lovecraft junto al estilo meticuloso y evocador del señor Penco. Íncubos es una obra que aprovecha al máximo el legado dejado por el de Providence. Se desliza de forma cercana por el terror lovecraftiano que todos conocemos y logra inquietar incluso a los lectores de siempre que ya sabemos de los conceptos y la dinámica con los que trabajaba el recluido H.P. Pero sin duda, una de las ventajas de Íncubos es el componente gráfico. Los lápices de Michele Penco son un plus de alto nivel, capaz de aumentar aún más la efectividad de la historia. Aprovechando al máximo en ciertas escenas la “sugerencia” del gran terror cósmico.

En Íncubos encontraremos un artista víctima de una pesadilla interminable. Un pueblo gobernado por monstruosas criaturas y una verdad macabra que se esconde tras la realización de una pintura. Pero también un hombre perdido, obsesionado por una figura que se le aparece en sueños. Cuatro historias originales inspiradas en la obra de Lovecraft. Un viaje a los confines misteriosos del sueño; esa dimensión oscura e indefinible, a la que todos accedemos cada noche, en lugares y situaciones de las que nos resulta imposible salir…

Michele Penco nació en Pisa en 1982. Un autor prometedor que ya mete cabeza en el mejor cómic europeo. En 2009 con la Asociación Cultural Double Shot, publicó Íncubos, su obra debut. Una colección de cuentos de ese mundo onírico y terrible que inventó el de Providence, que trae a nuesto país Ponent Mon.

El mundo de horror construido por las historias de H.P. Lovecraft sigue siendo uno de los más queridos por millones de lectores, pero al mismo tiempo sigue siendo uno de los estilos más difíciles de imitar. Michele Penco intenta seguir sus huellas, ilustrando macabras y misteriosas escenas, en un homenaje que funciona. Si amas este tipo de Terror, este álbum te puede aportar grandes momentos de horror entre claroscuros y cierto tono cubista.

Reseña: Prodigy. El Mal en la Tierra, de Mark Millar y Rafael Albuquerque

La fiabilidad respecto al gusto que proporciona Mark Millar con cada nueva obra empieza a ser molesta. El tío se jacta de forma sin vergüenza de sus nuevos proyectos, su inminente éxito y es asomarse por los medios para promocionarlo; y le sale bien. Demasiado bien. Por que encima tiene razón. Forma dueto con el dibujante que más le conviene a su historia y como si de un alocado joven Stan Lee se tratara, crea una irónica parodia de sí mismo durante la publicidad. Millar exagera su éxito tan claramente que puede parecer arrogancia, pero repito, el tío lo clava.

Como era de esperar Panini Cómics nos trae Prodigy. La nueva serie de Mark Millar y Rafael Albuquerque, cómic que llevo siguiendo sus pasos en redes sociales desde hace meses. Sobre todo, en Twitter, donde Albuquerque es muy activo con sus trabajos y muestra bocetos cada no mucho. Como a muchos que estáis leyendo esta reseña, la portada de Prodigy me cautivó. Incluso antes de saber qué tratataba. Se podría decir que estaba deseando leerlo gracias al dibujante y no al guionista. ¡Chúpate esa, Millar!

Prodigy: El Mal en la Tierra nos habla de Edison Crane, el hombre más inteligente del mundo, científico ganador de un Premio Nobel, genio compositor, atleta olímpico, experto en ocultismo… ¿El Hombre del Mañana? Se ha convertido en un polímata que usa su brillantez para el bien de la humanidad. Los gobiernos de la Tierra solicitan su ayuda constantemente. Y como su mente brillante necesita ser desafiada constantemente pues a: evitar la destrucción planetaria, resolver extraños misterios, realizar las acrobacias más desafiantes… La historia comienza con dos episodios de la juventud de Crane. Básicamente travesuras de una edad temprana que sirven para presentarnos sus habilidades y su carácter. No spoilearé nada más, pero diré que si bien el primer escenario es bastante predecible, encontré el segundo la mar de inteligente y original. Además, me provocó risas, cosa que hacía tiempo (¿años?) que no me sucedía con un cómic. Después de estos flashbacks, la serie salta de sopetón a extraños sucesos en Australia que indican la amenaza de una realidad paralela. Una curiosa agente de la CIA (la protagonista femenina de la serie) hace su aparición para burlarse de alguna manera sobre relacionar estos hechos con conspiraciones sin sentido.

Prodigy: El Mal en la Tierra contiene los primeros seis números de una serie palomitera, de lectura rápida, gracias al enganche que siempre consigue Millar con un argumento diferente, fresco y hecho para -ya normal en él-, su conversión a contexto cinematográfico. Sabemos que Millar siempre tiende a que esto se tenga en cuenta. Pero aquí este detalle esplende. Y se sabe que Netflix anda de por medio.

En mi caso, soy fan total del trabajo de Albuquerque desde que leí su gran Blue Beetle. Albuquerque hace que me deleite con sus coloridas ilustraciones, esas mismas que engrandecen muy mucho la historia que tocan. Pero Mark Millar tiene el don. Nos da títulos originales que uno siempre desea probar y no se puede negar el talento de este hombre. Crea conceptos dinámicos y los explota con economía y estilo. Bastante impresionantes en su simplicidad: presenta a los personajes, el trasfondo y luego los configura para dejar al lector sentado frente a las viñetas un buen rato. Muy pocos tienen ese poder.

Reseña: Star Wars. Una Nueva Esperanza (Manga), de Hisao Tamaki

Probando todo que ando. Y en todos los formatos posibles. Uno que es curioso. Una mente inquieta. Que le gusta aprender, saber, ver y disfrutar (más de lo mismo) de cosas originales, no fáciles de encontrar normalmente. Todo un gustazo haber podido sumergirme en esta clásica historia y en dicho formato. Star Wars al estilo manga, nada menos y nada menos. La princesa Leia, las Fuerzas Imperiales, el implacable Darth Vader,, el intrépido Luke Skywalker, Han Solo, capitán del Halcón Milenario y los androides R2D2 y C3PO… Personajes principales y básicos de una gran trama a la que muchos tenemos que volver cada poco.

Hisao Tamaki es un mangaka injustamente subestimado en el mundo del noveno arte, en mi opinión. Quizás le ocurre, lo mismo que a los autores que dedican gran parte de su trabajo a franquicias. No obstante, me consta que su labor en la traslación de Star Wars: Una Nueva Esperanza al formato manga, ha provocado que muchos lectores pongan  sus ojitos en más obras donde haya dado vida con sus lápices. Yo, por ejemplo, recuerdo muy buenas sensaciones de sus guiones en Dirty Pair.

Pero ahora, en una chulísima edición en tapa dura, tamaño bolsillo, formato ligero, bien recopilado y llevadero, Planeta Cómic publica este titulo donde encontrar a nuestros personajes favoritos de esa galaxia tan lejana que tanto gusta. Una obra que recrea la famosa historia de Una Nueva Esperanza. Es decir, una de las mejores aventuras intergalácticas visualmente creadas. La primera e histórica del mundo del cine a nivel alto. El pelotazo de film que inicio Star Wars para con el mundo. Una película, novela y ahora manga, que en USA hizo historia por cuándo y cómo llegó. Un joven Jedi se levanta. Crece una rebelión. Se desata un arma mortal destroza mundos. Un maestro se enfrenta a su antiguo aprendiz. Como no unirse una vez más al blanco esperanzador de los Skywalker, que conforman esta apasionante saga épica y espacial.

La más famosa de todos los tiempos.

Escondido al nacer, se creía huérfano. Vigilado por un ermitaño misterioso, descubre increíbles habilidades. Y al encontrar esperanza donde otros solo encontraban el Mal, él devolverá el equilibrio a la galaxia. O eso dice la profecía. La historia legendaria de Luke Skywalker. En resumen, una fantástica edición, un excelente recuerdo en negro sobre blanco, en formato manga, una tan original y diferente si decides que estás ante otro modo de verlo. De leerlo. De sumergirte en una trama que si perdura en el tiempo y es tantas veces tomada como ejemplo: algo tiene.